Golden Horn presents Derya Türkan
Derya Türkan is a young master of classical
Turkish kemençe (kemenche). He plays improvisational as well
as the Ottoman classical music repertoire.
Türkan was born in Istanbul,
Turkey in 1973. He grew up in a musical family and his first music
lessons were with the well known Turkish cellist Firat Kiziltug.
Türkan attended and graduated from the Turkish Music Conservatory
Instruments Education Department of the Istanbul Technical University,
where he studied with Ihsan Özgen, an internationally recognized
Turkish musician. In 1990, Türkan was invited to perform as
a guest musician by the Turkish Cultural Ministry's Istanbul National
Turkish Music Ensemble, directed by Necdet Yasar.
In 1993 Türkan worked
as a guest musician at Turkish Radio Television, Istanbul Radio
division for one year, where he earned outstanding praise. He worked
alongside such master musicians as Alâeddin Yavasça,
Bekir Sidki Sezgin, Niyazi Sayin, and Erol Deran. During this time,
he performed at many concerts both nationally and internationally
with well known groups such as the Necdet Yasar Ensemble, and Ihsan
Özgen`s Anatolia. Türkan has given many concerts in the
United States, France, Germany, Finland, Italy, Spain, Holland,
Belgium, Poland, Greece, Israel and many other countries in addition
to his native Turkey. In 1996, Türkan performed along with
Turkish ney player Kudsi Ergüner at Yehudi Menuhin`s 80th birthday
celebration concerts, organized by French President Jacques Chirac,
as an invited musician.
Like his teacher Ihsan
Özgen, Türkan aims to follow and develop the teachings
of one of this century's genius musicians, Tanburi Cemil Bey, and
today continues to work on different projects in his music career
with this goal in mind.
The earliest Turkish bowed instrument was
called ikl. The Turks brought this instrument to Anatolia and in
time it came to be called a kemençe, which literally means
little keman (violin).
In Turkey, there are different instruments called
kemençe. From these varieties, the Karadeniz Kemençesi
(Blacksea Kemençe) and the Türkmen Kemençesi
(Southeastern Kemençe) are used in folk music. The Blacksea
Kemençe has a narrower body and its shape is more rectangular.
The instrument used in Turkish Classical Music is called Klasik
Kemençe (Classical Kemençe) which has a wider and
rounder body. All kemençes are played with a bow. Unlike
a classical kemençe player, however, the Blacksea kemençe
player plays while standing.
The classical kemençe has been used in Turkish
Classical Music since the middle of the 19th century. Especially
after Tanburi Cemil Bey, it has become an essential instrument of
classical music ensembles. This kemençe has three strings;
it is placed on the left knee with its top leaned against the player's
chest. The strings are not plucked with the fingers; rather, they
are pushed with the finger nails lightly from the sides.
April 24, 1999 University of California,
April 25, 1999 San Francisco
Tonight's solo performance features both composed
and improvisational pieces on various makams.
Part I.Makam Acemasiran
Part II. Makam Rast
Part III.Makam Hicaz
Part IV.Makam Saba
Part V.Makam Hüseyni